佐久間文先生の論文が、Healthcare (Journal Citation Reports Impact Factor 2022 = 2.8)にpublishされました。
Healthcare (Basel). 2023 Oct 19;11(20):2769. doi: 10.3390/healthcare11202769.
Investigating COVID-19 Pandemic Effects on Acute Pancreatitis Development-From the Perspective of Alcohol Sales (Consumption) in a Japanese Regional Hospital
Fumi Sakuma, Akira Yamamiya, Yoko Abe, Kazunori Nagashima, Takahito Minaguchi, Ken Kashima, Yasuhito Kunogi, Koh Fukushi, Yasunori Inaba, Takeshi Sugaya, Keiichi Tominaga, Kenichi Goda, Atsushi Irisawa
PMID: 37893843 PMCID: PMC10606278 DOI: 10.3390/healthcare11202769
[Aim and Background] People’s lifestyles changed considerably due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The number of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) can be expected to decrease as alcohol consumption decreases. This study was conducted to assess COVID-19 pandemic effects on AP patients in a Japanese regional hospital. [Methods] Based on the first and second states of emergency declarations in Tochigi Prefecture, the survey periods were set as follows: period A, 16 April-14 May; period B, 15 May-13 January; period C, 14 January-7 February; and period D, 8 February-15 April. Using data acquired in 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020, we retrospectively reviewed the number of patients admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of AP, and their clinical characteristics. [Results] According to a National Tax Agency survey, the average alcohol sales per adult in Tochigi Prefecture were 71.3 L in 2017 before the pandemic, and 64.0 L in 2021 under the pandemic. The number of AP patients in 2020 was 38% lower than in 2017. Comparing 2017 with 2020, the number of alcoholic AP patients was lower in 2020 (p = 0.007). [Conclusions] The findings suggest that COVID-19-pandemic-related lifestyle changes contributed to the decrease in AP patients.
Keywords: COVID-19; acute pancreatitis; alcohol consumption; state of emergency declaration.